Arthur Bower was born in Swawge, Dorset County, England on May 1, 1845. He was one of three brothers and one cousin who immigrated to the United States. They were farmers and stone cutters.
He married Mary Ann Bower on June 20, 1863 at the same place and they lived in London, England for four years. Then they crossed the Atlantic Ocean to American and settled in Rock Island, Illinois.
The Jefferson County, Nebraska records indicate Arthur purchased land in 1877 in section 34, township 1 range 3 in Endicott Precinct. The 1880 United States Census for Jefferson County states that he was a farmer, age 25, born in England and his wife Mary was age 32 and keeping house. They were the parents of two daughters, Mary age 9 and Anne age 7, both born in Illinois.